Bright, beautiful and wonderfully easy to grow, Phyllostachys aureosulcata f. aureocaulis remains a firm favourite among temperate gardeners globally. Sharing the same durable and resilient properties as the rest of the Phyllostachys, it is ideally suited to beginners and makes a quite stunning specimen plant.
Origins and Appearance
Phyllostachys aureosulcata originates from China’s Henan, Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces, though is cultivated all over the world today. One of the most highly-recommended of all bamboo types among horticulturalists, P. aureosulcata f. aureocaulis is a tall, brightly coloured bamboo characterised by its elegant yellow canes with bold green stripes around the base.
When grown as a specimen, this gorgeous green-leaved bamboo really does come into its own. The canes present a variety of burned-orange to luminous yellow colours, which have to be inspected up-close to gain full appreciation. A bright magenta highlight is commonly presented by the canes during the spring, while the brightest culm colours of all are reserved for the early summer.
Along with being cultivate primarily as an ornamental plant, P. aureosulcata f. aureocaulis is one of the best of all bamboo species for producing edible shoots, which even when raw do not have the usual acrid flavour.
The golden-yellow canes of P. aureosulcata f. aureocaulis grow to a maximum height of 6 meters, though usually reach around 5 meters at full maturity. Their narrow and upright stature makes them ideal for creating screens or garden fencing, with minimal arching and impressive durability. The yellow canes also look quite striking when paired with brighter green bamboo, or the stunning black canes of Phyllostachys nigra.
P. aureosulcata f. aureocaulis is more tolerant of cold weather than most types of bamboo, showing huge resilience where temperatures do not remain below -18 °C for long periods of time. It is therefore ideally suited to temperature climates and thrives in areas of full sun or partial shade. Ideal soil and weather conditions have been known to produce canes at high as 9 meters, though in extremely rare circumstances.
Like its other family members, P. bissetii thrives in humus-rich soil that is kept well-moistened, though provided with plenty of drainage. It grows best in areas of sun or partial shade, though in this instance there’s little cause for concern when it comes to cold weather and biting winds. Hard pruning is recommended during the spring and all dead, damaged or weak stems should be removed upon detection.
At a Glance:
- Position in Garden – Full Sun or Partial Shade
- Soil Condition – Fertile, Humus-Rich, Moist with Adequate Drainage
- Growth Rate – Average
- Leaves – Green to Golden
- Canes – Green to Brownish-Yellow with Distinctive Grooves
- Hardiness – Very hardy
- Maximum Height – Up to 6 Meters
- Skill Level – Easy